The Harappan Civilization flourished around 2,500 B.C. Harappan people had trade relations within India, as well as with countries outside India. ADVERTISEMENTS: The Harappan economy was based on irrigated surplus agriculture, cattle rearing, proficiency in various crafts and brisk trade both internal and external. Harappan civilization [since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization [it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. Art of Indus Valley Civilization: The Harappan Civilization belongs to the Bronze Age. Understanding Harappa. Various researches suggest that agriculture and allied activities were the main occupation and trade in Indus Valley Civilization.Like other civilisations of Egypt, Greece and Mesopotamia Indus valley civilisation also grew on the floodplains of Indus River.Many of the towns were also built upon the shores of this river. It is called Harappan because the remnants of the civilization was discovered first at the modern site of Harappa located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. [16] The Indus Valley Civilizations had two major cities and was set for its imminent Golden Age of prosperity, trade and arts at the beginning of 2500 BCE. 564d7d69da8e8 x+166 pages. Geographical Extent of Harappan Civilization Here we will analyse the various facets of Harappan economy, particularly agriculture, crafts and industries, trade and commerce. By the 3rd millennium BC, the lapis lazuli trade had extended south to Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley Civilization ( Hapta Hindu of the Vendidad's list of nations. 5.5 x 8.5 inches. two Harappan-related seals from Susa, one a The Harappan and Harappan-related objects cylinder seal with badly done Harappan occur in Bahrain, Failaka, Sharjah and the Oman characters, and the other a … Trade-links with Afghanistan and Central Asia by land and with Mesopotamia by maritime trade reveal a close reciprocity. ADD TO CART View Cart Join BookClub. Tulika Books, New Delhi, 2019. The Harappan Civilization was one of the oldest civilization in the Indian sub-continent known for its modern structures.It was a Bronze Age Civilization in the northwestern region of South Asia. Late Harappan phase (1900 BC-1400 BC): It was the phase of decline during which many cities were abandoned and the trade disappeared leading to the gradual decay of the significant urban traits. Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer delivers the 23rd Gulestan and Rustom Billimoria Endowment Lecture at the Asiatic Society of Mumbai, Dec. 14, 2020. Read more about Materializing Harappan identities: unity and diversity in the borderlands of the Indus Civilization New excavations at the Umm an-Nar site Ras al-Hadd HD-1, Sultanate of Oman (seasons 2016–2018): insights on cultural interaction and long-distance trade A deep exploration of the Indus script and its evolution in the context of Indus civilization and other neighbouring Bronze Age cultures and their writing systems. Shereen Ratnagar. External trade network of the Harappan Civilization (after Lahiri 1992). The Mesopotamian texts of the same period refer to trade relations with ‘Meluha’ which was the ancient name given to Indus region. Price INR 650.00. in the western part of South Asia, in what today is Pakistan and western India.The Indus or the Harappan civilisation belongs to the Chalcolithic or Bronze Age since the objects of copper and stone were found at the various sites of this civilisation. For sea trade, big boats were used. Trade-Links: Extensive trade-contacts were established by the Harappan people with such Indian areas as Sind, Punjab, Rajasthan, Rupar, Lothal, Kalibangan and areas where the Harappan culture was prevalent. The spread of the civilization is vast due to the wide trade network and the economic independence of each region. Civilization in the Greater Indus Valley. Paperback ; 978-93-82381-66-2.