In its first year of operation, it was discovered that water was leaking in between the asphalt road cover and the bridge deck. Due to the early completion of the repair works, the passage of motor vehicles through the overpass on road III-122 from Vidin to Novo Selo, road junction "Novo Selo", is carried out normally in both traffic lanes of the overpass.„DanubebridgeVidin-Calafat“ АD, 07.12.2020, Due to the repair of the overpass on road III-122 from Vidin to Novo selo, road junction “Novo selo”, from November 25th 2020 to December 09th 2020 a temporary road organization will be introduced. "Friendship Bridge" is actually a former name. Romania’s Government is evaluating plans for a new bridge project, which would span the River Danube. The cost of building the bridge, without the adjoining infrastructures was estimated in 2000 to be €99 million. Cyclists approaching the bridge from Vidin, Bulgaria would have to cross the approach road 1/E79 at some point, to get to the cycling track on the left side of the road, but crash barriers stand in their way. Due to implementation of repair works on road overpass on E-79 in the Romanian part of the Border check-point at Danube Bridge Vidin–Calafat, beginning from November 10th 2020 until November 16th 2020 a temporary road organization will be introduced. It is the second bridge on the shared section of the Danube between the two countries. Construction started in 1952, finished in 1954. Further from Drobeta-Turnu Severin, the DN6 road to Lugoj, has also recently been under rehabilitation works and bypasses all the major settlements on the route. Dry summers come with low water levels in the Danube river, which sometimes caused the ferry to get stuck at the loading ramp, making waiting times even longer. The idea was to have these segments ready long before they were needed, so that the assembly of the superstructure of the bridge could not be delayed because of possible quality problems with the concrete. For centuries there had been no bridges crossing the Danube river between Bulgaria and Romania since the destruction of Constantine's Bridge, which was built by the Romans, until the Giurgiu–Ruse Friendship Bridge was built and opened in 1954. The Vidin-Calafat bridge is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV, which runs from Dresden (Germany) to Istanbul (Turkey) and is considered an essential network for the development of transport in the area. But along the 470-kilometer river stretch, there is only one road connection over one bridge. Waiting at the Serbian customs can take 1 to 5 hours, especially during the summer season, when many immigrants travel back to their families. The Danube River catchment basin comprises 42.5% of the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria and total… [16] The final agreement was that the second Danube bridge was to be built between Vidin and Calafat, but Romania refused to invest in other than the adjacent infrastructure on their territory.[17]. Bulgaria needs to improve its road links with the rest of Europe as it is now a prime vacation destination in the EU. This caused great damage to the already weak economy in northwestern Bulgaria. The bridge would be constructed in Romania’s Dobrogea Region. After some delay, the bridge was officially opened on 14 June 2013.[6]. The new bridge connecting Romania and Bulgaria via the cities of Calafat and Vidin should be ready at the beginning of May and crossing the bridge across the Danube will cost EUR 2 for cars. „DanubebridgeVidin-Calafat“ АD, 10.11.2020, Due to implementation of repair works on road overpass on E-79 in the Romanian part of the Border check-point at Danube Bridge Vidin–Calafat, from October 26th 2020 to November 09th 2020 a temporary road organization will be introduced. „Danube bridge Vidin-Calafat“ АD, 22.10.2020, Due to finishing repair works of the bridge between Vidin and Calafat, from October 15th – October 16th 2020, vehicles crossing from Romania to Bulgaria shall use right lane on the roadway. It is the second bridge on the shared section of the Danube between the two countries. The bridge between Vidin on the Bulgarian bank of the Danube River and Calafat in Romania has already been completed and is ready for use, reports in Bulgarian media said last month. Residents of the Danube city of Ruse blocked traffic near Danube Bridge border crossing at the Bulgaria-Romania border. [15] Romania wanted transiting trucks to stay in their country as long as possible by placing the bridge further east, between Turnu Măgurele and Nikopol. The road from Montana to Vidin is a rehabilitated[49] two-lane single carriageway road. Senior government officials from Bulgaria and Romania, including the two heads of government, and European Commissioner for regional policy Johannes Hahn attended on June 14 the official opening of the bridge over the Danube River between Vidin and Calafat. [63] It is also an important alternative, in terms of time, to the transit route through Serbia, which despite being shorter and providing more kilometers of motorway, has pricier road tolls and can take more time for customs procedures, due to the fact that the country is not a member of the European Union. The total weight used for the tests was 1,992 tonnes. Travelling through Serbia was usually faster, but crossing outside the borders of the European Union can be a hassle with customs. „Danube bridgeVidin-Calafat“ АD, 15.10.2020. [58], The remainder of the A6 motorway, currently in the pre-feasibility phase, would include a connection to the bridge in one of its considered routes,[59] and a new planned European transit route named Via Carpathia, connecting Lithuania to Greece, was recently discussed in the European Parliament and includes the Calafat–Vidin Bridge on its route. It will provide for both road and rail links. [36], On 24 October 2012, the two countries' Prime Ministers, joined by the European Union Regional Policy Commissioner Johannes Hahn, met halfway on the bridge, after the two shores of the Danube were finally connected during the preceding week. As early as in 1909[7] the local authorities in Vidin (in Bulgaria) had first expressed their interest in building a bridge to Calafat (in Romania), by sending a petition to the Bulgarian parliament and to Aleksandar Malinov, who was prime minister at that time. [47] Before this bridge opened, the only connection between Bulgaria and Romania was the Ruse bridge (in the east, around 55 kilometres from Vidin), which will now be refurbished. This bridge is located 307 kilometres (191 mi) downstream and before 2013 it was the only other bridge across the Danube border that Bulgaria shares with Romania. [11] Another factor that would make ferry traffic impossible or difficult were the very cold winters, when the Danube river sometimes freezes completely. Bulgaria and Romania will build another bridge over the Danube, near Ruse, the fifth-largest city in Bulgaria, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov said yesterday evening, reports Novinite.. The tender process is being opened by the Romanian National Agency for the Administration of Road Infrastructure (CNAIR). The design was to have 13 pairs of stay cables attached to every main pillar in the navigable channel of the Danube river. This is because here the Danube has a very large mirrored S-shape, spanning across approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi), starting at Novo Selo and ending in Lom. :-) As of October 2014, any vehicle driving from Vidin to Calafat can be seen on, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:11. Vidin-Based Company to Run 2nd Bulgaria-Romania Bridge, Bulgaria, Romania to Divide Danube Bridge 2 Toll Revenues according to Investments, Novinite/Sofia News Agency, 29 October 2012, retrieved 1 June 2013, 2nd Bulgaria-Romania Bridge to Be Launched May Earliest, Novinite, 9 April 2013, retrieved 1 June 2013, Bulgarian President: Danube Bridge 2 to Be Ready by Mid-May, Novinite, 10 April 2013, retrieved 1 June 2013. A research under the European PHARE programme found that the most profitable place for the bridge would have been between Lom and Rast, but neither countries agreed with this. Crossing borders from Bulgaria to Romania through Ruse/Giurgiu bridge of Danube River. By April 2012, only one segment in between the bridge decks of PB 9 and PB10 was still missing. The bridge is located near the middle of this reversed S. At most part of the Danube river, the Bulgarian bank lies slightly higher above water than the Romanian river bank. [60] The Romanian PM Victor Ponta made a statement after the inauguration of the bridge that Romania plans to build a motorway between Craiova and Calafat. The Giurgiu–Ruse Bridge was built with help from the Soviet Union and opened in 1954 as the Friendship Bridge (Bulgarian: Мост на дружбата, Most na druzhbata). [18][19] Thanks to the lobby of Bodo Hombach, the European Investment Bank granted the project a credit loan of €50 million in December 2000. Pending issues were how and where that company would be registered, dispute resolution methods and what fiscal law it would be subject to. The movement of vehicles from Bulgaria to Romania shall use the right lane on the roadway. "The Calafat-Vidin bridge will be inaugurated on June 14th. The Vidin-Calafat bridge is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV, which runs from Dresden (Germany) to Istanbul (Turkey) and is considered an essential network for the development of transport in the area. Instead of its official name, Bulgarians tend to simply call it the Dunav most, which means Danube Bridge. The new bridge on the Danube between Bulgaria and Romania, until now known as Danube Bridge 2, will be named New Europe. The bridge connecting it to the capital of Romania, Bucharest, is only 45 miles (75 km) away, and makes it a popular weekend destination with the inhabitants of the Romanian capital. It is an extradosed bridge and was built by the Spanish company Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas, at the cost of €226 million. The gap between the bridge decks of pillars PB10 and PB11 was closed during the summer. If the building process continued at the same speed, reportedly, one may have expected that the last gap, between pillars PB11 and PB12, was closed in November 2012. [9] In January 2001, the cost for the bridge construction and the adjacent roads toward the bridge was estimated at US$200 million. Bulgaria shares borders to the north with Romania, to the east with the Black Sea, to the south with Turkey and Greece, and to the west with Macedonia and Serbia. Starting at PB9, the bridge deck was extended segment by segment and soon the first stay cables could be seen. The national road from Sofia to Vidin (I-1/E79) is linked to the Hemus motorway (A2) up to the city of Botevgrad, and continues with a dual carriageway road to Vratsa. During the night, with little trucks arriving, ferry passengers had to wait several hours to cross the Danube river. During the late 1990s, Bulgaria had to close its border with Yugoslavia, because of the war in Kosovo, followed by an international economic boycott against Yugoslavia. [20][21], In 2012, the cost of building the Danube Bridge 2 and its adjoining infrastructures raised to the sum of €226 million. The Danube Bridge 2 makes travelling in and out of Bulgaria through Vidin much easier than it was previously by ferry boat. The movement of vehicles from Bulgaria to Romania shall use right lane on the roadway. The project has an estimated cost of nearly €440 million. Bulgarian Prime Minister Ivan Kostov wanted to give the project a credit loan of US$180 million. [41] His body was not found. ", "European Investment Bank Activities in South Eastern Europe", "Bridge to a new era for Bulgaria and Romania", "Bulgaria: EC Backs Down over Danube Bridge Funding", "The construction of Danube Bridge II begins", "Станишев направи първа копка на Дунав мост 2", "Строителството на Дунав мост 2 стартира през юни", "През юни тази година ще започне строителството на моста на р. Дунав между Видин и Калафат", "Bulgaria: Land Litigations in Bulgaria Delay Second Bridge over Danube", "Bulgarian-Romanian bridge delayed by land plot disputes", "More delays for Vidin-Calafat Danube bridge", "Klassa.bg - Construction of Danube Bridge 2 delayed due to concession issues", "ROMANIA: Romania Could Lose European Funding of Calafat-Vidin Bridge, Transport Minister Warns", "Bulgaria: EC Snubs Bulgaria, Steps Back over Danube Bridge Funding Alone", "Томислав Дончев: Дунав мост-2 ще е готов до края на годината", "Bulgaria: 18m 'Left' to Bridge Bulgaria, Romania Again", "New Danube Bridge Between Bulgaria and Romania To Improve European Transport Network", "Bulgaria: Bulgarian, Romanian PMs Meet Halfway on Freshly Built Bridge", "Podul dintre România şi Bulgaria de la Calafat-Vidin va fi deschis în primăvara anului viitor", "Cum va influenţa ruta Calafat-Vidin strategia de transport a României. [9] In fact, the whole country became isolated, since Bulgarians had always been relying on the road through Serbia for their transit transport to Western Europe.[10]. This bridge is connecting Bulgaria (Ruse) and Romania (Giurgiu) over the great Danube river. These historical documents were shown on Bulgarian television in June 2013, during a report on the Second Danube Bridge. Foundation per pier was composed by 24 in situ piles 2 m diameter and depths ranging between 68 and 80 m (one of the deepest in situ foundation project in Europe), executed by maritime means. The project will construct a new bridge, main road and connecting road, improving transport links from the Black Sea to north-east Romania. Even though the linking roads are still far from motorway standards, the New Europe Bridge (Danube Bridge 2) has become highly popular among transport companies, because it provides a road with no custom checks from Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey to Austria, Germany and the rest of Europe, through Romania and Hungary, without leaving the European Union. [42], The longest line of waiting trucks on the bridge could add up to 100 trucks, with a total maximum weight of 4,000 tonnes, assuming that every truck would be loaded to a maximum of 40 tonnes. Ruse is probably the most vibrant of all the Danube cities in Bulgaria. The transit fee is 6 Euros", "European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries", "Strategy for the development of the transport system of the Republic of Bulgaria until 2020", "Topul celor mai aglomerate sosele din Romania. Some of these technical details consisted of setting up cabins for the border police that checks the traffic between Bulgaria and Romania. Danube Bridge II Vidin - Kalafat [Bulgaria : Romania] ... 12.06.2008: The first piles of the Danube Bridge 2 were driven The Italians have driven the first pile of the railway trestle of the Danube Bridge 2, informed engineer Constantin Zhiponov, deputy chef … The section will be provided with the relevant road signs! [6], The issue of the establishment of a management company that would operate the bridge and collect tolls was solved. [30][31] Taking a closer look on the Bulgarian side, one could notice some preparation of the track leading towards the future bridge, with a small office being built. [55], The DN56 road from Calafat to Craiova, considered to be in a poor condition, is currently under rehabilitation works[56] and runs through most of the settlements on the route. Out of these borders, 1,181 kilometres are on land, 686 kilometres are on rivers – including the river Danube, which flows along Bulgaria's border with Romania - and 378 kilometres are on the sea. [54] These are not among the busiest roads in the country, according to a study conducted in 2010. In 1998, Greece offered to invest in the bridge, since they wanted a road linking Thessaloniki to the rest of Europe through Romania, as Greece was also cut off from Europe by the war in Kosovo and the boycott against Yugoslavia. DIRECTION FROM BULGARIA TO ROMANIA /prices in BGN and EURO/ According DECREE … The New Europe Bridge, previously known as the Danube Bridge 2 (Bulgarian: Дунав мост 2, Dunav most 2), and informally called the Vidin-Calafat Bridge or Calafat-Vidin Bridge (Bulgarian: Мост Видин–Калафат, Most Vidin–Kalafat; Romanian: Podul Calafat–Vidin), is a road and rail bridge between the cities of Vidin, Bulgaria, and Calafat, Romania. [39] In October 2012 it was expected that this company would be located in Sofia.[40]. [62] The route from Kapitan Andreevo (the border between Bulgaria and Turkey) to Nădlac (the border between Romania and Hungary) across the Calafat–Vidin Bridge is approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) shorter than the route across the Giurgiu–Ruse Bridge, which had been the most used route between the two countries for the freight traffic. [34] Throughout the year 2012 the bridge got into shape. The official opening has been scheduled for June 14 and will be attended by Romanian prime minister Victor Ponta and European Commissioner for Regional Policy Johannes Hahn. Constantine’s Bridge on the Danube River, the largest river bridge in ancient times, was a bridge in the Roman Empire which connected the major city of Ulpia Oescus (today’s Gigen in Northern Bulgaria) in the Moesia Superior province with Sucidava (today’s Corabia in Southern Romania) in the Dacia Province.. They are also protesting against air pollution in the city. The Danube provides a natural border between Bulgaria and Romania. December 2014. In June 2013, it was possible for cars coming from Bulgaria to drive over the bridge and turn around just before the toll gates and escape the tolls, as shown in this video, filmed in the first hour after the bridge had been opened for traffic. New Danube bridge to speed up international traffic. In 2005 and 2006, consultants were hired to control all procedures in the building process and private companies were invited to send in a bid. The height of the bridge is consistent with the high water of the Danube river and the height of the largest ships, that guarantees their free passage. Vehicles travelling from Novo selo to Vidin shall use a bypass route through the road E79 and the “Bregovo” road junction. The bridge has a separated path for pedestrians and cyclists, but the approach to this cycling track seems to be not signposted clearly enough. It is also part of the European route E79, that runs from Miskolc (Hungary) to Thessaloniki (Greece), via the Romanian cities of Beiuş, Deva, Petroşani, Târgu Jiu and Craiova. In 2004, a research on the design of the bridge was financed by the PHARE program. Trees on the small island on the Bulgarian side of the Danube however took a long time to be cut off. They will serve also as border checkpoints until both Bulgaria and Romania enter the Schengen Area. [citation needed] From Lugoj, the first 11.5 km long section of the A6 motorway provides a link to the currently partially under construction A1 motorway and thereby further to Nădlac and the Hungarian border. [22], Construction officially began on 13 May 2007 in Vidin in the presence of Bulgarian Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev and Special Coordinator of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe Erhard Busek. Traffic will remain blocked until 8 pm, the demonstrators warned. The New Europe Bridge, previously known as the Danube Bridge 2 (Bulgarian: Дунав мост 2, Dunav most 2), and informally called the Calafat-Vidin Bridge (Bulgarian: Мост Видин–Калафат, Most Vidin–Kalafat; Romanian: Podul Calafat–Vidin), is a road and rail bridge between the cities of Vidin, Bulgaria, and Calafat, Romania. The company that manages the bridge is based in Vidin,[43] the road tolls are collected at the Romanian side of the bridge and each side receives the part of the tolls that they have invested in the bridge (about 80% of the toll funds will go to Bulgaria). The Bulgarian Ministry of Transport delayed the start of the construction at least three times before the inaugural ceremony. [57] Inaugurated in 1987, the bridges have a total length of 2,622.85 m (8,605.2 ft) of which 1,640.35 m (5,381.7 ft) over the Danube and 982.5 m (3,223 ft) over Borcea branch of the Danube. However, the city of Vidin is lying lower and is protected by dikes, while the bank on the Calafat side is high above Danube river. [35] Bulgarian radio reporters found out about a technical problem: the difference in the height of the bridge deck between two sides of the gap was 45 centimetres (18 in), so closing of the gap was not possible before both bridge decks were adjusted to the same height level. Last, the Calafat-Vidin bridge does not yet have any motorway connections (see below). However, another video recorded in October 2014 shows that it is no longer possible to sneak through that parking lot and drive back over the bridge to Bulgaria for free. [28] Since these parcels were sold out to different people, the Bulgarian minister of transport had to wait for a law that made it possible to expropriate the new landowners. A new Danube bridge being constructed over the River Danube between Bulgaria and Romania is due for completion by 2012. [14] This detour to Ruse often took longer than waiting for a ferry in Vidin or Oryahovo, however, both ways of crossing the border can take a long time. After this gap was closed, one could walk halfway across the Danube river. Before this bridge opened, the only connection between Bulgaria and Romania was the Ruse bridge (in the east, around 55 kilometres from Vidin), which will now be refurbished. At the point where the railway meets the road, a gap in the median crash barrier has been adapted to serve as a U-turn lane. [citation needed], On 22 May 2013, the Bulgarian president announced that the opening ceremony of the Danube Bridge 2 was set to take place on the 14 June 2013, and that the toll for passenger cars would be six euro. Vehicles travelling from Vidin to Novo selo shall use one of the two lanes of the roadway. Pe unde ar trebui construite autostrazi", "Bulgarii ne-o iau înainte: Şoseaua şi calea ferată, mai bune la Vidin decât la Calafat", "Constructia Autostrazii LUGOJ-DEVA, sectorul Lugoj - Dumbrava de la km 0+000 – km 27 +472 si Drumul de legatura in lungime de 11,4 km", "Elaborare documentaţie faza de proiectare SPF pentru obiectivului de investiţii Autostrada Sudului", "Via Carpathia transit route discussed in the European Parliament", "Premier Ponta: Motorway connection envisaged between Craiova and Calafat", "Dinescu, secretarul general al Uniunii Transportatorilor din România: Cele mai multe camioane care tranzitează teritoriul României sunt din Turcia", "UNTRR: Podul Calafat-Vidin scurtează traseul transportatorilor turci prin România cu 230 km", "Ce afaceri leagă podul de la Calafat-Vidin", "Bulgaria: 2nd Bulgaria-Romania Danube Bridge to Be Ready by End 2012", "Un pod de construcţie spaniolă la Calafat-Vidin va relansa economia Europei de Est", "Разширяват 1,5 километра от пътя Бяла в посока Русе", "23% годишен ръст в трафика през Дунав мост II", "Decree of Council of Ministers about the tolls for Danube Bridge Vidin-Calafat", "Guvernul a stabilit TAXELE pentru trecerea peste podul de la Calafat-Vidin", Bulgaria: Bulgaria-Romania 2nd Danube Bridge 73% Completed, Bulgarian-Romanian bridge delayed by land plot disputes. Romania and Bulgaria are currently connected by two bridges across the Danube: the Giurgiu-Ruse bridge, inaugurated in 1954 and the Calafat (Romania) – Vidin (Bulgaria) bridge, inaugurated in 2013. Looking tremendous. [8], Building a bridge between Calafat (in Romania) and Vidin (in Bulgaria) had been discussed more seriously since the late 1970s, but the plan was abandoned over and over again. The Cernavodă Bridge is a complex of two motorway-railroad truss bridges in Romania, across the Danube River, connecting the cities of Cernavodă and Feteşti. It is an extradosed bridge and was built by the Spanish company Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas, at the … [50] Traffic analysis on this route have indicated that (as of 2013) it did not require a motorway status,[51] therefore Bulgaria's priorities remain finishing the already started motorway projects, such as the Hemus and the Struma motorways, as well as the new planned Europe motorway, between Sofia and the Serbian border. The Danube Bridge 2 consists of eight pillars that are in the non-navigable channel of Danube river, crossing from the low lying Bulgarian bank over the small island, followed by its four main pillars, numbered PB9, PB10, PB11 and PB12. The city of Ruse justifies its importance for its economy, population size and its role as main frontier gateway between Romania and Bulgaria (through the oldest and main bridge over the Danube between the two nations). Formerly known as Danube Bridge 2, the New Europe Bridge is part of a major transport infrastructure upgrade in Bulgaria and Romania. New bridge, road and railway passage over the Danube in Braila, Tulcea counties, Romania. The toll is collected at toll booths, located on the Romanian side. The Danube Bridge 2 is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV. The main road (1/E79) was supposed to have 2 lanes in each direction, but the left lane now ends into the U-turn-facility, which is signposted rather sparsely, thus forming a safety risk to both traffic overtaking at higher speeds and cyclists, as can be seen in this video, filmed in October 2014. Repairs took 4 months and were paid by the FCC company, through the warranty established. [68], Effective from 1 July 2013, the following tolls apply for crossing the New Europe Bridge:[69]. [6] The first vehicles were allowed to cross the bridge after midnight, on 15 June 2013. The bridge is the second on the 500-kilometer stretch of the Danube River that forms the common border between the Balkan neighbors, and is touted as a key to boosting growth in one of Europe's poorest regions.